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What is Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone is an opioid pain medication.
Zohydro ER and Hysingla ER are extended-release forms of hydrocodone that are used for around-the-clock treatment of severe pain.
Extended-release hydrocodone is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.
Hydrocodone is used to relieve severe pain. Hydrocodone is only used to treat people who need medication to relieve severe pain around-the-clock for a long time or the people who cannot be treated with other medication or treatments.
This is one of the most common that is suggested by doctors or clinicians and most abused by patients. Hydrocodone is a potent drug for moderate-to-severe pain control in postoperative patients or patients with cancer.
What to know before taking Hydrocodone
You are unable to use this medicine if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
- Severe asthma or breathing problems, or
- A blockage in your stomach or intestines.
Confirm this medicine is safe for you to tell your doctor if you have these before this:
- Breathing problems, sleep apnea,
- A head injury, brain tumor, or seizures,
- Drug or alcohol addiction, or mental illness,
- Liver or kidney diseases,
- A heart rhythm disorder called QT syndrome
- Urination problem
- Problem with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid, or
If you are using opioid medicine while you are pregnant, your baby could become dependent on the drug. Hydrocodone causes life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on opioids may need medical treatment for several weeks.
If slow breathing or drowsiness in the nursing baby then immediately consult your doctor.
How to take Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone may cause habit-forming even by taking regular doses. Read and follow all the directions and guidance which is written on labels. Never use this medicine in large amounts if you want to increase the doses of hydrocodone then consult your doctor for more of this medicine.
Do not stop using this medicine all of sudden after long-term use before stopping this medicine ask your doctor.
Do not break, split, crush or open extended-release pills. Swallow it whole in one time to avoid exposure to fatal doses, never mix this with liquid, and don’t inhale it into powder form because it causes death too.
Store at room temperature, keep it away from the heat, moisture, and light. Keep track of your medicine. If anyone is using it improperly or without a prescription then you should be aware of this.
Do not keep leftover opioid medication. If anyone uses this medicine without consulting the doctor or without the prescription then it causes death too. Ask your doctor where to keep the medicine, flush the unused medicine down the toilet.
Usual Adult Dose for chronic pain:
The following dosing recommendations can only be considered by the clinical staff each patient managed by individuals.
As first Opioid Analgesic and for patients who are not Opioid Tolerant:
Initial dose: 10 mg orally every 12 hours (Zohydro )
Extended-Release Tablets :
Initial dose:20 mg orally every 24 hours (Hysingla)
Use of the higher starting doses in patients who are not opioid-tolerant may cause fatal respiratory depression, monitor patients closely for respiratory depression, during the first 24 hours to 72 hours after giving this medicine.
The patients who recieving for 1 week or longer oral: morphine 60 mg/per day,fentanyl transdermal patch 25 mg per hour,oral oxycodone 30 mg/day,oral hydromorphone 8 mg/day,oral oxymorphone 25 mg/day,or an equianalgesic.
Doctors can suggest getting naloxone this is the medicine that helps to reverse an opioid overdose) and keep it with you at all times. The Person caring for you can give you the naloxone if you can not breathe or do not wake up.
Anyone can buy naloxone from the medical store, a pharmacy, or a local health department. Make sure before giving naloxone where he keeps it and how to use it.
Some of the symptoms may include like:
- Pinpoint pupils,
- Slow breathing or not breathing
- Drowsiness etc.
What to avoid while using Hydrocodone
This can stop your breathing or may cause death. A person caring for you should give naloxone or seek emergency medical attention if you have slow breathing with long pauses or blue-colored lips or if you feel hardness to wake up.
Immediate stop using of this medicine if you have :
- A slow heart rate, sighing, shallow breathing, breathing that stops during sleep,
- Pain or burning when you urinate,
- confusion, tremors, severe drowsiness,
- A light-headed feeling, like you, might pass out,
- Pain during urinate
- High level of serotonin in the body
- Low cortisol levels
Serious breathing problems may be more likely in older adults and in those who are debilitated or have wasting syndrome or chronic breathing disorders.
If you are using it for the long term then it may affect fertility in men or women.
Common hydrocodone side effects may include:
- constipation ,nausea,vomiting
- Headache, or
- Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat
- dizziness, drowsiness, feeling tired,
Many side effects can occur then contact your doctor.
What drugs can interact with Hydrocodone
Opioid medication can interact with many other drugs and create dangerous effects or death too. We confirm that if you have used:
- Cold allergy medicine or a diuretic
- Medicine for motion sickness, irritable bowel syndrome, or overactive bladder,
- A sedative like Valium
- Other opioid-opioid pain medicine or prescription cough medicine,
- Drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing
- Drugs that can affect serotonin levels in your body,
These are the side effects of Hydrocodone.