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What is Alprazolam?

Alprazolam is an orally administered tablet that is kept under the tongue and get dissolved easily. Alprazolam is the triazolo analog benzodiazepine . It works by enhancing the neurotransmitters in the brain. 

Alprazolam is a white crystalline powder but is insoluble in water.

Alprazolam treats anxiety disorders, depression, and panic disorders.

Alprazolam has unique psychodynamic properties, which make this drug highly addictive. The experts have suggested using it in a preventive way.

Alprazolam is the most commonly used psychotropic medication. It is the most frequent medication prescribed the doctors.

Alprazolam also treats chemotherapy-induced nausea and other treatment. 

Alprazolam is a generic medication(medications that are found easily anywhere around you).

Important Information

Alprazolam is an oral tablet that comes under black-box warnings. Black box warnings are those which come under high risk. The medications can cause adverse effects on the body. 

Psychotropic medications are those which need proper administration of the drugs. This psychotropic medication needs proper administration for depressed patients who have high rates of suicidal ideation or plans. 

Alprazolam causes seizures after discontinuation of this drug. This drug can also cause multiple seizures during withdrawal. 

Do not take this drug while consuming alcohol regularly or as an alcohol addict—the prescriptions are for a short period. Even for a short period, Alprazolam can be addictive. Misuse or abuse of this drug can be very addictive. These drugs can cause adverse effects to the body.

Patients who are having constant panic disorder can be addicted more to the Alprazolam. Relapse of the illness can occur in patients before the active treatment of the medications.

Alprazolam should be avoided by those who have narrow-angle glaucoma. Those who are allergic to Alprazolam should not use this drug.

Take medicines according to the prescriptions given by the doctor. Do not stop taking this medicine or less dose without consulting the doctor. 

What to know before taking Alprazolam?

Alprazolam is not suitable for those who have some medical issues. The medical issues. Consult the doctor about your medical history. 

Taking Alprazolam can affect your respiration. It can slow down your respiration. Those who have problems in the lung or having lung disease can cause side effects. 

Consult the doctor immediately if you have any problems in the lung. It is better to stop taking Alprazolam.

Patients who are having liver or kidney problems can suffer many adverse effects. The liver metabolizes or breaks down the Alprazolam, which then passes through the body. Those who have a liver problem will not be able to metabolize the Alprazolam. Patients take fewer doses of psychotropic medications.

Inform the doctor if patients are allergic to itraconazole or ketoconazole.

You should tell the doctor if you are taking any antifungal or antibiotics or any other medications that can affect the body. 

If you have plans to become pregnant or taking these medications while pregnant, this can affect the baby’s health. The baby will have withdrawal symptoms after delivery. For several weeks baby is treated.

The patients who are breastfeeding their baby will suffer some adverse effects. The baby can have some negative impacts include breathlessness, dizziness, drowsiness. Contact the doctor if the baby is suffering from this.

Avoid Alprazolam for those below 18 years of age.

How to take Alprazolam?

Take Alprazolam according to the prescriptions given by the doctor. The doctor will inform the patients about the doses. Alprazolam is a tablet usually taking from the mouth. This medicine is an orally distinguished tablet and orally concentrated solution only two to four times a day. Take extended medication of this drug once a day. Take Alprazolam according to the instructions. Do not misuse, abuse, or divert this tablet.

The patients taking the concentrated solutions of this medicine should follow some instructions. Patients should use the dropper that comes with the prescriptions. Take the dropper and draw the dose as instructed into the liquid or semi-liquid solutions like water, juice, or any other liquid substance. Alprazolam will be easily blended. Drink this mixture immediately, as storing this mixture can be dangerous to the body.

  • Use dry hands to remove Alprazolam from the packet. Remove the tablet from the box only when it is time for your dose. Take the pill and keep it under the tongue to dissolve into your mouth through saliva. You can take this tablet with or without water.
  • Do not crush, break or make powder of this tablet. Swallow this tablet. Crushing or breaking of this tablet will be worthless to the body.
  • The initial dose of this medicine will be less, and gradually it will increase according to the doctor’s prescriptions.
  • Do not share this medicine who have a history of addiction or is addicted to the drugs. Psychotropic medications can be fatal to those who use this drug unprescribed.
  • Keep this tablet away from the children.
  • Alprazolam is used for four months to treat anxiety disorders and not more than ten months to treat panic disorders.
  • A long time dose of this medicine can cause addiction. Consult the doctor frequently.
  • Avoid stopping this medication suddenly, as withdrawal symptoms can be adverse.
  • Keep this medicine away from moisture and temperature.
  • This tablet or liquid is only valid for 90 days. Do not keep this beyond 90 days of expiration.

Alprazolam dosage

There are several parameters for the increase or decrease of the Alprazolam. These parameter include

  • Age
  • Medical history
  • How the body responds

These doses individualize according to the above parameters. Alprazolam, in usual doses, will meet the needs of the patients. These doses are only for a shorter period. The extended therapy of this dose will be under observation of the doctor.

There will be some patients who require 4 mg/day. These patients should use this medicine cautiously to avoid any adverse effects on the body.

Adult dose anxiety disorder: 

The tablets intake will be 0.25 to 0.5 mg per day and administered three times a day. The maximum dose of these tablets does not exceed 4mg/day.

Orally disintegrated tablets administered 0.5mg tablets per day. The maximum dose of this tablet does not exceed 10mg/day.

The extended-release doses in the initial phase are 0.5mg to 1mg per day. 

In the morning, take 3 to 5mg per day.

The maximum dose of this medicine is not exceeding 10mg/day.

The patients are administered lower doses in the initial phases. Frequent checkups and observations are required.

To stop or withdraw this drug, do not stop suddenly. To prevent this drug withdrawal gradually by taking lower doses of this medicine.

Take Alprazolam at particular intervals. Divide the time evenly. 

Do not exceed the medications of more than 1 mg/day.

The generic dose for elderly patients should not exceed 0.25mg/day. Take this tablet 2 to 3 times a day,

Initial dose of extended-release tablets is 0.5mg/day. 

Do not discontinue this tablet suddenly. The withdrawal symptoms can occur.


Contact certified Poison helpline number. Contact the doctor immediately. It would be best if you are under observation and medical supervision. Facilitate yourself with airway, ventilation, or artificial breathing.

Regular monitoring is necessary to check vital signs.

Use supportive and appropriate measures to avoid any adverse impacts on the body. Overdose include

  • Confusion
  • Coma
  • Breathing problems
  • Death in certain cases

What to avoid while using Alprazolam?

Consumption of alcohol can be dangerous to health. Alprazolam can have some side effects, including dizziness or drowsiness. Consumption of alcohol can interact with the body. It can also cause accidents, falls, or injuries. 

Avoid eating Grapefruit products. Alprazolam can be dangerous and can impact the body.

Avoid doing any hazardous activity like driving.

Alprazolam side effects

Alprazolam is not suitable for everyone. It depends on various parameters and the patient’s medical history.

Some mild side effects include:

  • Confusion
  • Diarrhea
  • Concentration problem
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Tiredness
  • Fluctuating weight

Some severe side effects include 

  • Depression
  • Out-of-body feeling
  • Hallucinations
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Jaundice
  • Some allergic reactions like hives, swelling of the throat
  • Liver problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Breathlessness

Contact the doctor immediately if any symptoms occur in your body.

What other drugs can interact with Alprazolam?

Some medications interact with the Alprazolam, and it can cause many negative impacts to the body. 

If you are under any medications that include vitamins, herbal drugs, or other antibiotics, antifungal medicines, avoid using this drug.

Do not take this drug if you are also using other opioid medications include sleeping pills.

The list is not complete. Contact the doctor and inform if you are under any drugs.